The interesting caveat to achieving a hyper-masculine form is the role that anabolic steroid use plays. Additionally, the “boy’s club” mentality that the bodybuilding community and the gym space foster leads to a very toxic expression of masculinity that endorses emotionlessness and particularly sexism. Women in bodybuilding often face stereotypes of being too manly – especially while partaking in steroid use – as well as sexual harassment due to their fetishization (McGrath & Chananie-Hill, 2009).
The glycemic load of a particular food or meal is determined by multiplying the amount of net carbohydrates in a serving by the glycemic index and dividing that number by 100. Net carbohydrates are determined by taking the amount of total carbohydrates and subtracting the amount of dietary fiber. For example, popcorn has a glycemic index of 72, which is considered high, but a serving of two cups has 10 net carbs for a glycemic load of seven, which is considered low. Trans fat— A type of fat generally found in butter, whole milk products, fried foods, shortening, and coconut, palm, and other tropical oils. Saturated fat— A type of fat generally found in meat products with visible fat and dairy products.